The muscular system of the lower back is complicated and includes the deep erector spinae or paraspinal muscle groups that run parallel to the spine. Also, there are larger and more superficial muscles that help to move and protect the lower back. The lumbar and abdominal muscles work together with the ligaments to provide movement, stability, and postural support to the lower back and abdominal area. The larger superficial muscles help move and stabilize the lower back. The deeper spinal tissues can be multi-segmental, connecting and attaching to more than one vertebra or muscles that support, maintain and move one segment about another. When lumbar or spinal motion pushes to the extreme, such as in a car accident or whiplash injury, these ligaments and muscles are damaged. Ligament damage sprain and muscle damage strain can produce pain, soreness, loss of motion, and if severe enough, joint instability.
Signs and Symptoms
- Back pain or tenderness.
- Swelling or bruising in the back.
- Pain when moving or using the back.
- A “popping” or “tearing” feeling in the lower back.
- Warmth or redness in the specific area.
- Decreased ability to move.
- Lumbar decompression.
- Lumbar fusion.
- Rest and ice.
- Pain medication.
- Trigger point injections.
- PRP Therapy.