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Shoulder Dislocations and Instability


The shoulder was designed for mobility and consists of three osseous joints and one articulation. The stability of the shoulder is dependent on the muscles, ligaments, the glenoid labrum and the joint capsule. There are varying degrees of instability as well as various types of instability. The three main types of instabilities are unidirectional instabilities, multidirectional instabilities, and subluxation.


Signs and Symptoms

  • General tenderness of the shoulder area.
  • Discomfort with movement.
  • Pain with overhead activities.
  • Feeling that arm is “dead” after repeated activity.


Treatment Options

  • Activity modification.
  • Nonsteroidal medication.
  • Physical therapy.
  • Arthroscopy surgery.
  • Open surgery.
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